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CERN WWW Project

Last Edit: 10/01/17

The World Wide Web was invented by computer scientists who worked at CERN. CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research, and the organisation is located on the the Franco–Swiss border. Tim Berners-Lee was a scientist who worked for CERN in the 1980's - alongside Robert Cailliau - Berners-Lee is credited as the inventor of the World Wide Web. It was Berners-Lee, with assistance from Cailliau, who requested funding from CERN to develop the World Wide Web. When they were successful in receiving funding, the project was referred to as the: CERN WWW Project.

CERN was a pioneering 'hub' that implemented Internet technologies in the 1980's, and it was probably due to CERN's interest in the Internet, that Berners-Lee was inspired to develop a document retrieval system for it. In 1980, Berners-Lee developed the ENQUIRE software project whilst working for CERN. ENQUIRE was a predecessor to the World Wide Web, and featured some of it's components, such as: hyperlinks. ENQUIRE was developed to help scientist researchers share information. ENQUIRE proved a failure: due to the complexity and limitations of it's database system.

In March, 1989, Tim Berners-Lee wrote a proposal to develop a "hypertext database with typed links" for CERN. Berners-Lee and Cailliau wrote a number of proposals to seek resources from CERN to fund their 'CERN WWW Project'. By 1991, the software systems for the World Wide Web had been created, and the project went 'live' on the 6th of August, 1991. The World Wide Web was fairly innocuous from 1991-1993: the number of webpages created for the web was low. CERN have recently uploaded an example of one of the first webpages ever uploaded to the Internet (shown below):

CERN's example, which they claim, is the first website ever created and uploaded to the Internet

CERN claim the above homepage, is the homepage of the first ever website.