The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded in 1994, by the inventor of the World Wide Web: Tim Berners-Lee. The role of the W3C is to develop and promote standards for the World Wide Web: so that software vendors and web developers have a standardised environment for creating web content and web applications.
The World Wide Web was launched in 1991, and was exclusively accessed by desktop and laptop computer terminals. By 1999-2000, the first mobile browsers were being developed for PDA's and mobile phones; by the year 2014, over 10% of all browsers used to access the World Wide Web were mobile browsers. Due to the popularity of accessing the web with mobile devices, the W3C created the Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) to ensure that web standards were developed to support mobile web content, applications and services.
Due to the screen size of mobile devices being far smaller than that of traditional computer monitors, websites typically need to supply a different 'lightweight' version of their content to mobile devices. Some of the core elements of delivering web content to mobile devices, are: display width, display height, display color depth; markup support; stylesheet support; image format support; cookie support; and script support.
Recently, 2014, one of the most important documents released by the Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) is: Mobile Web Application Best Practices. This document can be found at the following domain address:
This document highlights engineering practices that will improve the experience of mobile users when they access the web with their device.